動詞一覧表


参考:表現のための実践ロイヤル英文法(旺文社)、チャート式基礎からの新総合英語(数研出版)、LDOCE5、CALD2

文型による分類

第1文型

laugh, smile, live, appear, cough, cry, belong, fall, fry, open

第2文型

(1)状態変化
become, get, go, come, grow, fall, turn
(2)印象動詞
seem, appear, look
(3)感覚動詞
look, feel, smell, sound, taste

第3文型

teach, want, avoid, know, accept, begin, break, bring, build, carry, cause, catch

第4文型

(1) to型
allot, award, fax, give, grant, hand, lend, offer, pass, pay, promise, send, show, teach, tell, throw, write
(2) for型
buy, call, cook, find, get, make, prepare, save

第5文型

(1)名詞を補語にとる
appoint, call, elect, name, consider
(2)形容詞を補語にとる
make, get, set, drive, turn, boil, paint, push, leave, keep

There構文の動詞

arise, come, exist, happen, live, follow, remain, stand, lie

自他を間違いやすい動詞

accompany, answer, approach, aplogize, complain, contact, discuss, follow, inform, leave, marry, obey, object, oppose, reach, resemble, touch

意味内容による分類

動作動詞

(1)一般動作
arrive, borrow, catch, clean, climb, comment, cook, create, cry, cut, deliver, drink, eat, explain, fight, get, help, hunt, invite, join, make, move, paint, pay, play, print, push, put, read, run, say, search, sell, send, sing, speak, steal, study, talk, walk, wash, watch, win, work
(2)変化
arrive, leave, lose, stop, begin, appear, disappear
(3)瞬間
jump, kick, knock, nod
※進行形で用いると繰り返しを表す
(4)非意思
encounter, fall, die, drown

状態動詞

live, wear (cf. put on. 一時的な状態は進行形), love, like, belong, consist, contain, deserve, differ, equal, exist, have, involve, own, possess, remain

心理動詞

believe, claim, dislike, doubt, forget, hate, imagine, know, like, love, prefer, remember, suppose, think, trust, understand, want, wish, worry

知覚動詞

feel, hear, listen to, look at, notice, observe, overhear, perceive, see, smell, taste, watch



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